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Update day: February 1, 2017

Summary of Sapporo

Position and area

Position (image) of Sapporo

Sapporo located in the southwestern part of Hokkaido, Ishikari plains enlarged city limits by repeated mergers, admission with neighborhood municipalities since the municipal organization enforcement of August 1, 1922 (Taisho 11).

  • Area /1,121.26km2
  • Distance/east and west 42.30km north and south 45.40km
  • Position
    • Far East 141°30'E (7, Momijidaiminami, Atsubetsu-ku)
    • Pole west 140°59'E (Jozankei, Minami-ku, national forest)
    • Pole south 42°46'N (Jozankei, Minami-ku, national forest)
    • Extreme north 43°11'N (Shinorochotakuhoku, Kita-ku)
  • The pitch
    • Most highlands Jozankei, Minami-ku (Mt. Yoichi) 1,488.0m
    • Most low land Nishibarato, Kita-ku (the neighborhood of old Hassamu river) 1.6m

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Access to Sapporo

As for the access from the Hokkaido outside, the use of airway is common. Air gateway, New Chitose Airport of Sapporo marries airport of each places of the whole country including Tokyo (Haneda, Narita), Nagoya, Osaka (Itami, Kansai).

Main airline and time required

Sendai - Sapporo

One hour ten minutes

Nagoya - Sapporo

1 hour 40 minutes

Haneda - Sapporo

1 hour 30 minutes

Itami - Sapporo

1 hour 55 minutes

Niigata - Sapporo

One hour ten minutes

Fukuoka - Sapporo

2 hours 35 minutes

  • ※"Sapporo" mentioned above is "New Chitose Airport". The time required may vary according to flights.
  • Movement between New Chitose Airport - Sapporo can use railroad or bus. Rapid train is operated from JR Shinchitose-Airport Station every 15 minutes and arrives in JR Sapporo Station in 37 minutes. Bus is about 60 minutes via Expressway to the Sapporo downtown area.
  • In addition, ferry is navigated from various places throughout the place just off the road in Otaru, Tomakomai, too.

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Climate of Sapporo is refreshing by the Sea of Japan type climate in the summer, and we are characterized by the snow chilliness in winter, and change of the four seasons is clear.

A lot of days of fine weather be wrapped up in refreshing green in June from April and flower concentrates on and blooms in profusion.

There is hot day from the end of June in the daytime, but is not seen in the rainy season such as the Honshu district. Mean temperature is the midsummer more than 20 degrees Celsius in July, August.

When September begins, temperature decreases every shower, and precipitations increase, too. Colored leaves begin in October, and minimum temperature may fall to nearly 0 degrees Celsius.

The first snow of the year is seen in the end of October and becomes lingering snow in the beginning of December. In the winter season from December through February, as for the deepest snow, about 1m, snowfall of winter reach about 5m.

When March begins, chill begins to relax, too, and mean temperature exceeds 0 degrees Celsius in Shunbun and invites the whole day of lingering snow in the beginning of April.

As for the annual mean air temperature of Sapporo, about 8.9 degrees Celsius, age total precipitation are about 1,100mm.

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Sapporo continues developing since Bureau of Development setting of 1869 (Meiji 2) as base of Hokkaido reclamation, and we exceed a population of 1.9 million people now (about 30% of population of Hokkaido), and it is population scale of the whole country fifth next to Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya.

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Statistics information

Please see "Sapporo statistics information".

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Origin of the place name of Sapporo

About the etymology of the name of Sapporo, there are "Sari polo pe" (the marsh overgrown with reeds is very large river) of Ainu and theory and "sa polo pe" (dry big river) and theory to do to do.

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History of Sapporo

The Ezo (as for obtaining) ground where people of Ainu lived in was renamed to Hokkaido in 1869 (Meiji 2), and Bureau of Development was placed, and construction of Sapporo book prefecture began. Third-ranking official, Yoshitake Shima (we quit island, and cook) looks around the east far from hill of Maruyama, and it is said that we worked out plan of town planning. In 1875 (Meiji 8), the first farmer-soldier settles. People spread railroad based on long-range Sapporo construction plan and launched industry and built way capital, Sapporo.

Population exceeds 1 million in 1970 (Showa 45), and, since the municipal organization enforcement of 1922 (Taisho 11), Sapporo which increased city limits, population by repeated mergers, admission with neighborhood municipalities shifts to ordinance-designated city in 1972 (Showa 47) two years later.

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Administrative section

10 administrative sections are in ordinance-designated city Sapporo now and perform unit-related town development that there is that we made use of local characteristic in each. As for the summary of each ward, please see homepage of Ward Office.

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Sapporo Citizens’ Charter

  • Foregoing chapter we are citizens of Sapporo where bell of Clock Tower rings.
  • Let's make work, rich town for one chapter spirit.
  • The two chapters sky and road and the trees and plants and water will make beautiful town.
  • We follow three chapters rule well, and let's make livable town.
  • Let's do in happy town of child making the four chapters future.
  • Let's do in the five chapters world and the town of high culture to conclude.

(November 3, 1963 establishment June 6, 1986 some revisions)

Related link

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Flower, tree, bird of Sapporo

Lily of the valley image

Flower lily of the valley

Lilac image

Tree lilac

Cuckoo image

Bird cuckoo


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satsuhoroshiki (come) chapter

Sapporo badge image

Outside hexagon design symbolizes Hokkaido with snow namely snow, and the inside circle design expresses character of "label" and further serves as character of "ro" of katakana with the whole ○ form. Central star type expresses northern will for the Great Bear and models character of "ho" of katakana.

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Sister city

  • Portland, the United States City (November, 1959 (Showa 34) tie-up)
  • Munich, Germany City (August, 1972 (Showa 47) tie-up)
  • Shenyang, China City (November, 1980 (Showa 55) tie-up)
  • Novosibirsk, Russia City (June, 1990 (Heisei 2) tie-up)
  • Daejeon Metropolitan City, Korea (October, 2010 (Heisei 22) tie-up)

Related link

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"Welcome please see Sapporo Sapporo tour guide".

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Inquiry about this page

Sapporo General Affairs Bureau Public Relations Department Public Relations Section

〒060-8611 2, Kita-1-jonishi, Chuo-ku, Sapporo-shi City of Sapporo main government building the eleventh floor

Phone number: 011-211-2036

Fax number: 011-218-5161